Study questions exam 4

Study questions exam 4 - Anthrbio 161 Study Questions Exam...

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Anthrbio 161 Study Questions Exam 4 General Principles for the Study of Human Adaptation Chapter 15 1. Are there correlations between dark skin and any of the following traits? - ABO blood type - Sickle-cell trait - Lactose tolerance (223-224 in text) 2. What is the position of the American Association of Physical Anthropology regarding “race”? (225 in text) - They claim that race is a consequence of social history and therefore any variation is transitory. They claim all human populations derive from a common ancestor group and that there is great genetic diversity in human populations. 3. Is IQ a fixed quality? If not, how can it be increased? Does it seem to be a valid measure of intelligence? Why or why not? (226 in text) - IQ is not a fixed quantity an can be increased through teaching. It is not a valid measure of intelligence because, there are many kinds of intelligence. Those cannot all be subsumed with an IQ score. Since some intelligence qualities are not superposable, they cannot be measure as linear surfaces. 4. Define the following terms: -Adaptation (227-228) – whereby the organism has attained a beneficial adjustment to the environment -Acclimation (228) – The adaptive biological changes that occur in response to a single experimentally induced stress. -Acclimatization (228) – Response to multiple changes occurring within the lifetime of an organism that reduces the strain caused by stressful changes in the climate or by environmental stress. -Homeostasis (230) - refers to the ability of the organism to maintain a stable internal environment. All adaptive responses of an organism are made to restore internal homoeostasis. 5. What is the difference between adult acclimatization and developmental acclimatization? (228 in text) - Developmental acclimatization is based upon the fact that the organism’s plasticity and susceptibility to environmental influence is inversely related t developmental states of the organism. The Human Life Cycle Chapter 16 and 17
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1. Fill in the following table with the stages of development in humans (236 in text) Name of Stage Age Range Growth Processes At This Stage Embryonic 12 weeks Ovum is implanted in uterus. Organs start to grow. Fetal
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2010 for the course SSD sds taught by Professor Sd during the Spring '10 term at A.T. Still University.

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Study questions exam 4 - Anthrbio 161 Study Questions Exam...

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