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AIS2958Formation of Modern Korea (1945~ 1980’s) I
In-Class Group DiscussionWork in group, choose one of the period of Korean history below. What is the most interesting (to you and your group members) social/cultural events/issues of the era? Summarize and share the findings in class. 1) 1945~1950’s 2) 1960’s3) 1970’s4) 1980’s5) 1990’s6) 2000~ presentOde to my father trailerGoing home
Documentary Viewing The Dynamic Development of Korean Democracyhttps://
1945-1950’s•1945 Korea was liberated from Japanese occupation. Cold War between super powers beganKorea was divided into two at the 38thparallel --Soviet troops occupied north, US troops occupied the south•May 1948 The first democratic election held in South Korea•1948 Aug 15 Establishment of South Korea (Rhee Syngman)Sep 9 Establishment of North Korea (Kim Il Seong)
•August 1948 The First Republicbegan(President Rhee Syngman 이승만 李承晩)•1948-1950 Tension between Two Koreas grew bigger.•1950 Compulsory education of primary school implementedIncrease of literacy •1950-1953Korean War Civil war (North vs. South) + Cold War (USSR vs US)•July 1953Armistice agreement was signed
Rebirth of Nation (1954 ~ 1960) After Korean war, South Korea was sustained by crucial US military, economic and political support. The president, Rheestrengthened his control through corruption and political repression. The pace of economic growth remained slow.
1960’s•1960 April 19 Revolution (4.19)Rheewants to extend his presidency through the 4th elections of March 1960. Students and citizens fiercely protested. In Masan (馬山) Harbor, a body of a high school student, Kim Ju Yeolwas found. He was killed by a tear-gas shell. Student groups overthrew the 1st Republic and finally Rheeresigned. The Second Republic was formed but politicalfreedom remains limited.