chap_2_slides - - ForTough Crime Control - Strict and...

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Unformatted text preview: - ForTough Crime Control - Strict and certain penalties - Crime is not caused by poverty; instead crime causes poverty - Poiice must have resources and iegai backing to pursue criminals I High incarceration rates keep hardened criminals Off the streets - Against Tough Crime Control - Get tough policies have not significantly reduced crime o Resources should be directed to the root causes of crime - High incarceration rates have devastated poor communities - Emphasis should he on promoting justice A field of criminology that examines the role the victim ptays in precipitating a criminal incident and also examines the impact crimes on victims. c Men, youths, and non-whites - Lifestyle exposure model suggests that lifestyle choices directly affect the chances of victimization - Race is a key factor in exposure to crime - Low income city dwetlers - Low income levels are closely linked to exposure to crime 0 Acquaintances and strangers - A minority of criminal incidents involve strangers - Costs of crime — crime has many kinds of costs - Economic costs - Psychologicai and emotionai costs - Costs of operating the criminal justice system - Fear of crime - Fear limits freedom - Some people adjust daily activities to prevent being victimized - Classical and Positivist Theories Biologicai Explanations Psychological Explanations Sociological Explanations Life Course Theories - The Classical Schooi - Classical criminology and Cesare Beccaria - Neoclassical criminology - Positivist Criminology - Considers social, biological, psychological factors as influencing behavior Criminogenics Genetic make-up and prediSposition IQ Nutrition Neurology Endocrinology Social structure theories Anomie Social process theories Learning theories Differential association Control theories Labeling theories Social conflict theories Understand the legal definitions of crime Categorize crimes by their types Recognize me different methods of measuring crime Understand why some people are at higher risk of victimization than others Recognize the negative consequences of Victimization Understand the theories put forward to explain criminal behavior Analyze crime causation theories and women offenders ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/16/2010 for the course CRIM 100 taught by Professor Craigwiernik during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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chap_2_slides - - ForTough Crime Control - Strict and...

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