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Unformatted text preview: What is a craniate? A vertebrate? A gnathostome? How are these groups defined? Sharks have cartilaginous skeletons. Is this a primitive or derived feature? Why? Contrast the terms oviparous, ovoviparous, and viviparous. What is a swim bladder? Did they evolve into lungs? What is a tetrapod? What are the main characteristics of this clade? What is an amniote? Describe how the ears and jaws of animals changed during the evolution of mammals. What is a mammal? What are the three different types of mammals? List the derived characters of a primate. A hominoid. A hominid (hominin). Know the major anatomical evolutionary characters of vertebrates and be able to label a cladogram with them or list them in order....
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- Fall '09