Ch. 34 study guide - What is a craniate? A vertebrate? A...

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STUDY GUIDE Campbell 7th and 8th editions BIO 311D CHINNERY CHAPTER 34 Important figures 7 th edition: 34.2, 34.3, 34.13, 34.15, 34.16, 34.19, 34.23, 34.24, 34.32, 34.33, 34.34, 34.38. Important figures 8 th edition: 34.2, 34.4, 34.5, 34.6, 34.13, 34.20, 34.24, 34.25, 34.31, 34.34, 34.35, 34.37, 34.40 Important terms: phylum chordata, notochord, pharyngeal slits, postanal tail, tunicate, craniate, lancelet, vertebrate, gnathostome, lateral line system, oviparous, ovoviparous, viviparous, operculum, swim bladder, tetrapod, amphibian, amniote, extraembryonic membrane, reptile, mammal, monotreme, marsupial, eutherian, primate, hominoid, hominid (or hominin). Knowledge goals: What is a chordate, and what are the four main derived characters of the group? Are chordates vertebrates? Why or why not? Be able to label or list the main anatomical features of a chordate.
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Unformatted text preview: What is a craniate? A vertebrate? A gnathostome? How are these groups defined? Sharks have cartilaginous skeletons. Is this a primitive or derived feature? Why? Contrast the terms oviparous, ovoviparous, and viviparous. What is a swim bladder? Did they evolve into lungs? What is a tetrapod? What are the main characteristics of this clade? What is an amniote? Describe how the ears and jaws of animals changed during the evolution of mammals. What is a mammal? What are the three different types of mammals? List the derived characters of a primate. A hominoid. A hominid (hominin). Know the major anatomical evolutionary characters of vertebrates and be able to label a cladogram with them or list them in order....
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