Philosophy - My View on Moral Theory Drawn from James...

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My View on Moral Theory Drawn from James Rachels’ book entitled, “The Elements Of Moral Philosophy” The truth about the universe and its creation is demonstrated through theory. Religious science, mainly stemming from Judeo- Christian philosophy, have maintains that there is a divine creator, mostly referred to as God that is the sole architect for humanity and everything surrounding it. With these theories of “Creationism” comes the implication that humans are to live by the laws and prescriptions that this creator deems appropriate. This way of living and thinking spawned the Devine Command theory that involves people making decisions of what they “ought” to do based on the belief that a day of judgment by God will come, so basically, do what the Bible says to do. The “Big Bang” theory and the theory of “Evolution” go hand in hand to derail the myths of a sole creator and our responsibility to live in “his” judgmental eye. In order to maintain a sense of logic and reason in moral theory, there must be a sense of reality that resonates throughout. An ethical theory should make a valid attempt to apply universally, and demonstrate a thought process with elegance and simplicity. An ethical theory should be scientifically acceptable without the manifestation of a divine creator. This brings up a point about ethical theories as they relate to animals. If the concept of Creationism is fallacious and mythical, follows that Human beings are not in fact the “special” or “entitled” species. Now, it isn’t very reasonable to believe that a fly or a goldfish can feel the same amount of pain or pleasure that a mentally challenged 45 year old or a dog can feel. It varies from species to species, but if humans can observe a dog and distinguish between when it feels pain or pleasure, then it seems as though the common sense argument would be to imply that there must be a degree of respect that varies based on how much a living thing can really experience suffering. The more suffering a creature can feel by nature, the more it should be treated as such. Many will meet this idea with objections. One of these objections may be that if humans are not ‘special” or “entitled,” then it is fair to say that humans cannot be held responsible for determining what and who feels pain and to what degree they feel it. To answer that objection,
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