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Unformatted text preview: Soc 247 Chapter 3 Culture Spanning the World Culture constructs gender difference Biological models assume the biological sex determines gender, that innate biological differences elad to behavioral differences, which in turn lead to social arrangements. How do we explain the transition of the children in the Dominican Republic and how there are differences in the definition of masculinity and femininity around the world? The Variations in Gender Definitions Mead studied three cultures in New Guinea Arapesh- Men and women act feminine. Aggressiveness is discouraged in boys and girls/ Mundugamor- Men and women are aggressive, violent, competitive and they are headhunters and cannibals. Tchambuli- Women are in power while the men shop. Women fish and control the commerce. The Centrality of The Gender Division of Labor Functionalism maintains that a sex-based division of labor was necessary for the preservations of society. Functionalists agree that the sex based division of labor was functionally necessary for the societies. functionally necessary for the societies....
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- Fall '08