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M26Lecture04F08 - organology = study of musical instruments...

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9/7/08 1 Lecture 4, Sept. 9 organology: the study of instruments musical resources: time & form Anglo-American Instrumental Music 9/7/08 2 organology = study of musical instruments instruments may be viewed as tools for making music objects with spiritual significance things of beauty in themselves instrumental classification — for what purpose? to organize collections to trace changes in construction and use to enable comparisons (e.g., manufacture, playing technique, cultural significance) 9/7/08 3 Instrument classification According to what principles? contexts : e.g., indoor vs. outdoor, sacred vs. secular musicians : e.g., men’s vs. women’s instruments functional divisions within an ensemble, e.g., orchestra: strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion jazz band: horns & rhythm section primary sounding material (Hornbostel-Sachs): chordophone (string) aerophone (body of air) membranophone (skin/membrane) idiophone (rigid material of the instrument itself) 9/7/08 4 mountain fiddles & fiddling fiddles/violins & tunes were brought from Europe fiddles may be identical to violins or altered in some way or even homemade fiddling often differs from violin playing in technique
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9/7/08 5 Fiddle: “The Devil’s Instrument” 9/7/08 6 banjo Roscoe Holcomb, Kentucky, 1959 banjo = American instrument based on African models
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