M26Lecture10F08

M26Lecture10F08 - timeline MIDTERM October 7 Lecture 10 Oct...

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10/2/08 1 Lecture 10, Oct. 2 Folk revivals and the socio-political uses of folk music MIDTERM October 7 10/2/08 2 timeline 1920s-30s: “Jazz Age,” Prohibition, then Depression 1940s: World War II; post-war prosperity blacklisting of performers suspected of Communist ties Korean War early Civil Rights Movement successes 1960s: Vietnam War, counterculture, peace movement, more Civil Rights action, Black Power 10/2/08 3 Folk Music and Folk Revival What is “folk” music ? “Folk music is the product of a musical tradition that has been evolved through the process of oral transmission.” (International Folk Music Council) Who is the American “folk”? What is a revival? Who is reviving what? For what purposes? 10/2/08 4 changing concepts of folk pre 1930s: idealized as “pure,” rural, unchanging the opposite of modern, industrial society 1930s-50s: populist, contemporary, “common man” citybillies join the folk (impossible under the earlier definition) 1950s-60s: flexible, inclusive definition conformism
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10/2/08 5 What is a revival? revival = bringing music “back to life” music no longer played is “dead” or “dying” revival contrasts with ongoing practices value “authenticity” = being faithful to earlier models revivalists may try to “freeze” a music but revival involves adaptation of old music for new audiences often through new media new performance contexts and traditions 10/2/08 6 20th Century American Folk Revivals 1920s to 1930s — first folk revival 1950s to 1960s — second folk revival 1990s-present — new interest in “Roots music” mainly urban phenomenon celebrating return to rural roots offers alternative to mainstream music (swing in 1930s; rock in 1950s -60s; mainstream pop in the 1990s) audiences folk music often used as tool for social and political action 10/2/08 7 Institutional Interests in Folk Music, 1920-30s Government in 1930s: Roosevelt promoted folk song as nation’s true culture Library of Congress Archive of American Folk-Song
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M26Lecture10F08 - timeline MIDTERM October 7 Lecture 10 Oct...

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