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M26Disco_HipHop - Lecture Contents Disco and Hip Hop Disco...

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Disco and Hip Hop: technology in popular music, 1970s-80s Kendra Salois Music 26 F 08 •History and origin stories •Aesthetics and musical characteristics •Technology and techniques •Audiences, media, and the music industry Lecture Contents: Disco and Hip Hop • Transmission: – impact of new technology – changing performance contexts Continuity and Rupture: – Styles and reactions – Musicians and the music industry • Community: – Audiences, appropriation, and authenticity Recurring themes Disco: history and origins “Disco” refers to both a place and a genre Underground clubs ( discotheques ) in New York City, late 60s and early 70s Clubs that cater mostly to marginalized groups
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Stonewall Riots: 1969 New York police frequently raid underground dance clubs June 28, 1969: police raid the Stonewall Inn on Christopher Street clubgoers respond with demonstrations in the street for three nights Seen (then and now) as a foundational moment in the creation of a gay community Disco: club context Part of a long history of social dancing Disco DJs perfected early cueing and mixing techniques Emphasis placed on creating a long unbroken set of tunes which progressed smoothly from one to the next “My club…is open from ten to four, and nobody even gets there until twelve…and they’re gone before four…I’ve got three, four hours to really let people hear good music--my taste in music, and what they want to hear.” -- DJ David DePino “I have always relied upon having a 10- to 12- hour night in which to play everything I think is important. …My 4am-to-noon crowd could let me know which records the 10pm-to-4 crowd would like three months down the line.” --DJ Junior Vasquez From Fikentscher, Kai. “’There ain’t a problem I can’t fix, ‘cause I can do it in the mix’: On the Performative Technology of 12-Inch Vinyl.” In Music and Technoculture. 2003. Disco: musical characteristics Influences include soul, funk, rock, and Latin dance music DJs blended these together based on tempi and timbres, not necessarily genre
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Philadelphia International Created in 1966 by Kenneth Gamble and Leon Huff Inspired by the success of Motown, Gamble and Huff attempt to create a formula for chart-topping songs Becomes known as “The Sound of Philadelphia” MFSB’s “T.S.O.P.” (1974) bside to “Love is the Message” Later, theme song to “Soul Train” Characteristics of disco sound: String and horn sections Vocal harmonies “four on the floor” beat, mostly kick drum and hi- hat Barry White’s Love Unlimited Orchestra “Love’s Theme” (1973) – String section – Funk-derived guitar timbres The Hues Corporation “Rock the Boat” (1973) – Electric piano – Lead and backup vocals Giorgio Moroder Italian producer Wrote and produced Donna Summer’s “Love to Love You Baby” and “I Feel Love” (both 1975) Some synthesizer-based sounds and some acoustic
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Disco: success and backlash
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