M26Lecture12F08ChineseMusic - Lecture 12 Oct 16 Music in...

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10/16/08 1 Lecture 12, Oct. 16 Music in China Chinese Immigrants to the US 10/16/08 3 Chinese Music – Learn to Play the Erhu Student Facilitator: Brian Chow ([email protected]) Faculty Sponsor: Prof. Brinner ([email protected]) - open to ALL interested students! - no prerequisites - designed for beginners Music 98/198: Tuesday, 5:00-7:00 PM (tentative) 10/16/08 4 Compositional Characteristics Pieces tend to be 1. programmatic : often depict nature or a mood, evoke a story 2. multisectional : composed of several parts contrasting in tempo, volume, technique, timbre, rhythmic organization Many Chinese compositions emphasize contrasts of register (high, medium, and low) & timbre , often produced by contrasting playing techniques
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10/16/08 5 Some Other Chinese String Instruments qin (or guqin) pipa zheng yangqin 10/16/08 6 qin scholars’ instrument played for contemplation, reflecting the beauty of nature & particular moods closely associated with poetry 2 pieces played on qin : “Ainai” and “Yangguan Sandie” qin music often linked to poetry even if not sung listen for contrasts of timbre (open strings, stopped strings, harmonics) technique (scrapes, slides, vibrato, different types of ‘attack’) register (high, medium, and low) qin notation shows these techniques many compositions are 100s of years old 10/16/08 7 Pitch resources most Chinese music is basically pentatonic: five main pitches two “extra” pitches may be used to enhance melody or change mode taken from theoretical set of 12 pitches discovered hundreds of years earlier than in Europe but set of 12 not used until 20th century under Western influence 10/16/08 8 Pipa: “Ambush on all Sides” (Shimian Maifu) multisectional composition programmatic setting up camp — drum beats — taking the battle stations — advancing — the ambush — the skirmish— artillery attack note playing position and techniques timbre: many sound effects, include non-pitched ones, tremolos, attack sound
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2010 for the course MUSIC 26AC taught by Professor Brinner during the Fall '07 term at Berkeley.

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M26Lecture12F08ChineseMusic - Lecture 12 Oct 16 Music in...

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