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M26Lecture15Jazz2 - Blues in Jazz Lecture 15 Jazz Song...

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10/30/08 1 Lecture 15 Jazz: Song forms, Innovations, Music Industry, Race, Bebop Charlie Parker Benny Goodman 10/30/08 2 Blues in Jazz central component in jazz from the beginning ability to play blues cited as essential to jazz competence 12-bar progression — a frame of reference blues singers we’ve heard with jazz bands: “Countin’ the Blues” sung by Ma Rainey with small New Orleans-style band led by Louis Armstrong (1924) “Sent for You Yesterday” sung by Jimmy Rushing with big band led by Count Basie (1937) “Every Day I Have the Blues” sung by Joe Williams with Count Basie in 1955 Basie (& others) continued play Swing after other styles emerged 10/30/08 3 Tin Pan Alley center of American music industry (1890s-1950s) located in Manhattan, New York music publishing houses in early 20th century earned biggest profits from sheet music bought up publishing rights from others employed staff of song writers and piano players + singers to “plug” songs because Americans were still playing music for themselves 10/30/08 4 Tin Pan Alley song form Tin Pan Alley published various types of songs “Honeysuckle Rose” exemplifies most common conventional song form: 32 bars long: four 8-bar phrases - AA’BA pattern of
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