Ch. 2 Notes-Fall 2009

Ch. 2 Notes-Fall 2009 - Chapter 2 Culture Henslin Chapter 2...

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Chapter 2 Culture Henslin Chapter 2 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2009). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (8 th ed.). Boston: Allyn I. What is Culture? A. Culture is a learned and shared way of believing and doing that is passed down from one generation to the next. 1. Material culture consists of objects, such as jewelry, art, buildings, weapons, tools, technology, machines, and clothing. 2. Nonmaterial (symbolic) culture is a group's way of thinking (beliefs, values, and assumptions) and common patterns of behavior (language, gestures, and other forms of interaction). B. Culture provides a taken-for-granted orientation to life. We assume that our own culture is normal or natural, rather than learned. 1. We internalize culture, and it provides both the lens through which we evaluate things and instructions for how we should act. 2. When we come into contact with a very different culture, our basic assumptions are challenged, and we experience culture shock . C. A consequence of internalizing culture is ethnocentrism , using our own culture (which we assume is good, right, and superior) to judge other cultures. It is functional when it creates in-group solidarity, but dysfunctional if it leads to harmful discrimination. 1. Cultural relativism consists of trying to appreciate other groups' ways of life in the context in which they exist, without judging them as superior or inferior to our own. 2.
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Ch. 2 Notes-Fall 2009 - Chapter 2 Culture Henslin Chapter 2...

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