Henslin Chapter 2 Outline
Fowler, L. A. (2008).
Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth
ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Henslin, J. M. (2009).
Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach
ed.). Boston: Allyn
What is Culture?
is a learned and shared way of believing and doing that is passed down
from one generation to the next.
consists of objects, such as jewelry, art, buildings,
weapons, tools, technology, machines, and clothing.
Nonmaterial (symbolic) culture
is a group's way of thinking (beliefs,
values, and assumptions) and common patterns of behavior (language,
gestures, and other forms of interaction).
B. Culture provides a taken-for-granted orientation to life.
We assume that our own
culture is normal or natural, rather than learned.
We internalize culture, and it provides both the lens through which we
evaluate things and instructions for how we should act.
When we come into contact with a very different culture, our basic
assumptions are challenged, and we experience
C. A consequence of internalizing culture is
, using our own culture
(which we assume is good, right, and superior) to judge other cultures. It is
functional when it creates in-group solidarity, but dysfunctional if it leads to
consists of trying to appreciate other groups' ways of
life in the context in which they exist, without judging them as superior or
inferior to our own.