Ch. 4 Notes-Fall 2009

Ch. 4 Notes-Fall 2009 - Chapter 4 Social Structure and...

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Chapter 4 Social Structure and Social Interaction Henslin Chapter 4 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2009). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (8 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. I. Levels of Sociological Analysis A. Macrosociology investigates the effects of large-scale social forces on entire societies and the groups within them. B. Microsociology places the emphasis on social interaction, or what people do when they come together. II. The Macrosociological Perspective: Social Structure A. Social structure is defined as the patterned relationships between people that persist over time and create a framework for society. 1. Our location in the social structure shapes our behaviors and attitudes and often overrides our personal feelings and desires. 2. Components of social structure include culture, social class, groups, social institutions, social statuses, and roles. B. Social institutions are society's organized and standard ways of meeting its basic needs, and they are sociologically significant because they set limits and provide guidelines for our behavior. 1. Social institutions have their own groups, statuses, values, and norms. 2. Family, religion, education, economics, politics, the military, law, medicine, science, and the mass media all are social institutions. C. Social status refers to a particular position in society that an individual occupies, and a status set includes all of an individual’s statuses.
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