Ch. 5 Notes-Fall 2009

Ch. 5 Notes-Fall 2009 - Chapter 5 Social Groups and Formal...

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Chapter 5 Social Groups and Formal Organizations Henslin Chapter 5 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2009). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (8 th ed.). Boston: Allyn I. Social Groups a. Groups are the essence of life in society. As opposed to some other collectivities of people, groups have a definite sense of belonging together, and they interact with one another regularly. b. Primary groups are those groups that are characterized by intimate, long- term, face-to-face relationships and that give us an identity, provide us with a lens through which to view life, and fulfill our needs for belonging. c. Secondary groups are larger, more impersonal, and more formal, and they are based on some interest or activity. 2. Reference groups are the groups that we use as standards to evaluate ourselves, whether or not we actually belong to them. They exert great influence over our choice of clothing, hairstyle, manner of speech, etc. 3. Groups toward which we feel loyalty are called in-groups , while those toward which we feel antagonism are called out-groups . In-groups often produce feelings of loyalty and superiority within us, which may lead to rivalries, discrimination, and even violence toward out-groups. B. Social networks consist of social ties that extend outward from a person. 1.
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Ch. 5 Notes-Fall 2009 - Chapter 5 Social Groups and Formal...

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