Ch. 10 Notes-Fall 2009

Ch. 10 Notes-Fall 2009 - Henslin Chapter 10 Outline Adapted...

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Henslin Chapter 10 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2009). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (8 th ed.). Boston: Allyn i. Issues of Sex and Gender A. Sex refers to the biological characteristics that distinguish males and females, while gender is a social characteristic that refers to behaviors and attitudes that are considered proper for a person because of his or her sex. Gender norms and expectations guide our behavior and channel us toward different life experiences. B. Both biological and sociological explanations have been offered to explain the behavioral differences of males and females. 1. Sociological explanations focus on differing socialization experiences and gender norms and are supported by the fact that standards of gender vary greatly by culture and historical period. 2. A 1963 medical accident that resulted in the sex reassignment of a young boy and studies of the testosterone levels of Vietnam veterans suggest a complex interplay of biology and culture in shaping gender behavior. C. Gender stratification exists in every society around the world, so men and women have unequal access to property, power, and prestige. 1. Although the exact origin of patriarchy , or male dominance of society, is unknown, the most prominent theory focuses on the social consequences of human reproduction, as women have historically been tied to their homes and limited in their activities by the need to have and care for children, while men have had the opportunity to gain power and prestige through hunting, warfare, and trade with other groups. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2010 for the course SOC 201 taught by Professor Reid during the Spring '07 term at Clemson.

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Ch. 10 Notes-Fall 2009 - Henslin Chapter 10 Outline Adapted...

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