2007_SJPD_Force_Response_Report - 2007 Force Response...

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San Jose Police Department INTRODUCTION In 2004, the San Jose Police Department (SJPD) voluntarily initiated a study and subsequent report of Taser usage. In 2006, the SJPD published a report on all reportable force used by SJPD members. In June 2007, the City Council directed the Chief of Police to conduct a deeper data analysis for the use of force report, including, but not limited to, the location of arrest, residence of those arrested, and the time of day the arrest occurred. The 2007 Force Response Report (Report) responds to this direction by Council. In the last year, SJPD staff worked with a consultant to revise the forms used to collect use of force information. Most notably, the 2007 Force Response Report was updated from an incident-driven focus to a suspect-driven focus. 1 The incident-driven approach did not accurately account for the number of suspects involved in the total number of incidents requiring force. The information provided in previous reports could not clearly delineate pertinent suspect information, such as name, date of birth, city of residence, gender, and race in incidents involving multiple suspects. The data in the SJPD’s 2007 Force Response Report is now suspect-driven, enabling the SJPD to (1) track incidents requiring force responses pertaining to individual suspects and (2) identify force incidents that occurred in the different police service areas. The SJPD’s self-initiated efforts to compile, analyze and share force-related information has proven to be valuable in identifying training needs and increasing public awareness. However, while the SJPD recognizes the inherent value in studying and sharing force- related information with the community it serves, there is no straightforward method to accommodate the inevitable comparisons with other communities. The uniqueness of San Jose is based on many factors that contribute to the uniqueness of all cities: the dynamic mix of people, environment, culture, City/Department policies, demographics, and broader socioeconomic conditions. For these stated reasons, staff advises against comparing force response data to the City’s general population; comparisons should be made to the finite population of those individuals arrested by SJPD officers during the study period of calendar year (CY) 2007. 1 Suspect-driven means that when an event involves multiple suspects, in which a force response was required, the Department will have a separate force response report for each suspect. These reports contain all of the information for the officers as it relates to each individual suspect. This allows for a more accurate account of suspect information and does not lead to duplicate information being recorded for the same suspect. The previous method for data collection did not allow certain information about the suspect to be captured, (i.e. city of residence, charges, name, date of birth). This information is important in that it identifies the population for which data is provided in the report. The population the Department is looking at is not the actual population of the City; rather it is the
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2007_SJPD_Force_Response_Report - 2007 Force Response...

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