San Jose Police Department
In 2004, the San Jose Police Department (SJPD) voluntarily initiated a study and subsequent
report of Taser usage. In 2006, the SJPD published a report on all reportable force used by
In June 2007, the City Council directed the Chief of Police to conduct
a deeper data analysis for the use of force report, including, but not limited to, the
location of arrest, residence of those arrested, and the time of day the arrest occurred.
Force Response Report
responds to this direction by Council.
In the last year, SJPD staff worked with a consultant to revise the forms used to collect
use of force information. Most notably, the
2007 Force Response Report
from an incident-driven focus to a suspect-driven focus.
The incident-driven approach
did not accurately account for the number of suspects involved in the total number of
incidents requiring force.
The information provided in previous reports could not clearly
delineate pertinent suspect information, such as name, date of birth, city of residence,
gender, and race in incidents involving multiple suspects. The data in the SJPD’s
Force Response Report
is now suspect-driven, enabling the SJPD to (1) track incidents
requiring force responses pertaining to individual suspects and (2) identify force
incidents that occurred in the different police service areas.
The SJPD’s self-initiated efforts to compile, analyze and share force-related information
has proven to be valuable in identifying training needs and increasing public awareness.
However, while the SJPD recognizes the inherent value in studying and sharing force-
related information with the community it serves, there is no straightforward method to
accommodate the inevitable comparisons with other communities.
The uniqueness of
San Jose is based on many factors that contribute to the uniqueness of all cities:
dynamic mix of people, environment, culture, City/Department policies, demographics,
and broader socioeconomic conditions.
For these stated reasons, staff advises against
comparing force response data to the City’s general population; comparisons should be
made to the finite population of those individuals arrested by SJPD officers during the
study period of calendar year (CY) 2007.
Suspect-driven means that when an event involves multiple suspects, in which a force response was required, the Department
will have a separate force response report for each suspect. These reports contain all of the information for the officers as it
relates to each individual suspect. This allows for a more accurate account of suspect information and does not lead to
duplicate information being recorded for the same suspect.
The previous method for data collection did not allow certain information about the suspect to be captured, (i.e. city of
residence, charges, name, date of birth). This information is important in that it identifies the population for which data is
provided in the report. The population the Department is looking at is not the actual population of the City; rather it is the