Study Guide exam3 - Study Guide: Exam III The 100 point...

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Study Guide: Exam III The 100 point exam will be composed of multiple choice, True/False, and matching type questions. Be prepared to label diagrams, draw simple figures, and interpret data. Some study tips are included to get you thinking about how to prepare. Group exam preparation is encouraged. BRING A CALCULATOR, YOUR ID, A NO. 2 PENCIL (with eraser) AND A NARROW BROWN SCANTRON (You will not be able to take the exam without it. Chapter 4, 8, 9, 12 (Biomes and Biodiversity) 106-113, 76-77, 161-174, 206-209, 278-279 1. Define biome. 2. What two factors most influence biome characteristics? 3. T/F Biomes only occur in terrestrial environments. 4. Name five biomes and describe the characteristics of each. 5. Which biome do you live in? 6. Define biodiversity. 7. What allows for biodiversity? 8. Describe allopatric speciation. 9. Name 3 causes of allopatric speciation. 10. Define species 11. T/F Biodiversity is not evenly distributed; there are 10 hotspots of biodiversity around the world. 12. Where do you encounter more changes in biodiversity traveling from North to South or East to West? 13. Which biome has the most diversity? 14. What is an ecotone? 15. How does a small scale disturbance increase biodiversity? 16. What is the difference in extinction and extirpation? 17. Why is it difficult o measure biodiversity? 18. Describe SEVERAL causes of biodiversity loss? 19. What are the benefits of biodiversity? 20. How do parks prevent/cause biodiversity loss? 21. What is habitat fragmentation? 22. What are some causes of habitat fragmentation? Chapter 1, 3,4,8 (Conservation) 15-16, 62 -63, 88-89, 173 -182 23. Who are John Muir, Gifford Pinchot, and Aldo Leopold? John Muir: Preservation ethic, intrinsic value vs. ecosystem value Gifford Pinchot: (lead US forest service) conservation ethic Aldo Leopold: forest and wildlife manager, environmental ethics 24. Define intrinsic value, the preservation ethic, conservation ethic.
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Intrinsic value: organisms have value on their own without human influence or factors Preservation ethic: ecosystem should be left in a pristine unaltered state. Conservation ethic: people should use natural resources, but have a responsibility to manage them wisely. 25. Why is responsibility an important part of the conservation ethic? Using resources we should attempt to provide the greatest good to the
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Study Guide exam3 - Study Guide: Exam III The 100 point...

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