Study Guide: Exam III
The 100 point exam will be composed of multiple choice, True/False, and
matching type questions. Be prepared to label diagrams, draw simple figures,
and interpret data. Some study tips are included to get you thinking about how to
prepare. Group exam preparation is encouraged. BRING A CALCULATOR,
YOUR ID, A NO. 2 PENCIL (with eraser)
AND A NARROW BROWN
SCANTRON (You will not be able to take the exam without it.
Chapter 4, 8, 9, 12 (Biomes and Biodiversity)
106-113, 76-77, 161-174, 206-209, 278-279
1. Define biome.
2. What two factors most influence biome characteristics?
3. T/F Biomes only occur in terrestrial environments.
4. Name five biomes and describe the characteristics of each.
5. Which biome do you live in?
6. Define biodiversity.
7. What allows for biodiversity?
8. Describe allopatric speciation.
9. Name 3 causes of allopatric speciation.
10. Define species
11. T/F Biodiversity is not evenly distributed; there are 10 hotspots of biodiversity
around the world.
12. Where do you encounter more changes in biodiversity traveling from North to
or East to West?
13. Which biome has the most diversity?
14. What is an ecotone?
15. How does a small scale disturbance increase biodiversity?
16. What is the difference in extinction and extirpation?
17. Why is it difficult o measure biodiversity?
18. Describe SEVERAL causes of biodiversity loss?
19. What are the benefits of biodiversity?
20. How do parks prevent/cause biodiversity loss?
21. What is habitat fragmentation?
22. What are some causes of habitat fragmentation?
Chapter 1, 3,4,8 (Conservation)
15-16, 62 -63, 88-89, 173 -182
23. Who are John Muir, Gifford Pinchot, and Aldo Leopold?
John Muir: Preservation ethic, intrinsic value vs. ecosystem value
Gifford Pinchot: (lead US forest service) conservation ethic
Aldo Leopold: forest and wildlife manager, environmental ethics
24. Define intrinsic value, the preservation ethic, conservation ethic.