study guide for exam 1

study guide for exam 1 - Journalism History Study Guide...

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Journalism History Study Guide Nota bene: There are some omissions. Some names are not on the study guide. There are also some repeated names. There are also a few misspelled words. But, these are the majority of names and things that will be on the test. Media 1: Origins of Mass Communication Pictographic Ideographic Phonetic Sumerians Hieroglyphic - a word with Greek origins, literally means "sacred carved letters" / used mainly for religious display / found on written documents on papyrus / apparently had some secular applications / remained a secret and sacred writing used mainly by priests / mix of ideograms, phonograms, other phonetic elements. Hieratic - everyday use in business, letters, medical texts, literary works / used for both secular and religious writing. Demotic - meaning people / used in mundane business / combined whole groups of hieroglyphics into a single sign and used a mixture of picture and sound signs Phoenicians - Chinese Writing and Printing - Pe-Sheng - Crete - the site of one of the great mysteries in the development of printing / people began writing in a pictorial script that was replaced by 2 kinds of linear script after 1700 B.C. / writing read left to right Parchment - came into use after 200 B.C. / made by bleaching goat or sheep skin and rubbing the surface smooth / long lasting / held ink without smearing / used on both sides / rolled up or bound into a book Acta Diurna - daily acts (or occurences) of the Roman people / survived for at least 2 centuries / forerunner of the modern newspaper / developed from 3 predecessors Acta Senatus - diliberations of the Roman Senate were kept in these official records / contained mostly speeches and opinions of senators / kept in archieves where senators could read them / date from 449 B.C. Julius Ceasar - began Acta Diurna in 59 B.C. / official daily publication at first / covered gov business and general info about going-ons in Rome / posted each day in popular places / no copies have survived Augustus - put into operation a worldwide system for the dissemination of info and propaganda / used monetary system to disseminate messages / controlled every element of Roman coinage = manipulate public opinion / among history's most sucsessful propagandists Volume - Monte Cassino - prolific period of monastic copying of manuscripts began with the founding of the Monte Cassino in Italy by St. Benedict in 529 Scriptorium - literally "a place for writing", is commonly used to refer to a room in medieval European monasteries devoted to the copying of manuscripts by monastic scribes . Johan Gutenberg - generally credited with the creation of movable type printing -- the process that made it possible to publish many copies of a single work at one time. Much of Gutenberg's
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life is shrouded in mystery, and his name does not appear in any of the printed works attributed to him. He was a goldsmith early in life, and that training apparently led him to the notion of forming molten metal into individual characters of the alphabet, which could then be inked and
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2010 for the course ART 2302 taught by Professor Williamm.jensen during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.

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study guide for exam 1 - Journalism History Study Guide...

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