P-1 - Sedma Nacionalna Konferencija so Me|unarodno U~estvo...

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ROBOT APPLICATIONS Peter Kopacek 1 1 Intelligent Handling and Robotics – IHRT, Vienna University of Technology, Austria, Favoritenstr. 9-11/3256, A-1040 Vienna, Austria, kopacek@ihrt.tuwien.ac.at Abstract – The field of robotics is one of the most innovative in the last decade. We are moving now from conventional, unintelligent industrial robots to mobile, intelligent, cooperative robots. This new generation of robots opens a lot of new application fields. Some of them will be growing dramatically in the nearest future. Therefore in this paper the present state will be discussed and selected applications e.g. industrial semi-automatised disassembly cells, robots for humanitarian demining, robots for entertainment, mini robots for space, humanoid robot described. Finally an outlook on future developments will be given. Keywords – Mechatronics, industrial robots, intelligent robots, cooperative robots. 1. INTRODUCTION Conventional industrial robots from the late 70´s are now only a tool on the production level. One of the oldest dreams of the robotic community – intelligent, mobile, cooperative as well as humanoid robots – starts to become reality not only because of the rapid development of “external” sensors driven by micro- and nanotechnology. External sensors (e.g. visual, auditive, force-torque…) combined with micro drives, embedded systems,… offer intelligent robots the possibility to see, hear, speak, feel, smell like humans. Compared with conventional, unintelligent, industrial robots, intelligent robots fulfil new, innovative tasks in new application areas. In addition these intelligent robots – especially mobile platforms and humanoid robots - are able to work together on a common task in a cooperative way. The goals are so called “Multi Agent System – MAS”. A MAS consists of a distinct number of robots (agents), equipped with different arms, lifts, tools, gripping devices, … and a host computer. In industry intelligent robots will work together with humans in a cooperative way on a common working place. 2. APPLICATION EXAMPLES In the following some examples partially developed with and realized in small and medium-sized enterprises – SME´s will be shortly described and discussed. 2.1. Disassembly cell for printed circuit boards The layout of the cell is shown in Fig. 1. In a manual feeding station the Printed Circuits Boards (PCBs) with a maximum size of 300 x 220 mm are attached on special work holding device. The vision system has several tasks. It has to recognize the re-useable parts, to determine their position, size and the centre of inertia, and to classify the useable parts to be desoldered or removed from sockets. This is carried
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P-1 - Sedma Nacionalna Konferencija so Me|unarodno U~estvo...

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