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Film_Analysis_1 - “Reading” a film scene closely ...

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Unformatted text preview: “Reading” a film scene closely What is a scene? Usually a shot (or series of shots) that together comprise a single, complete and unified dramatic event, action, unit, or element of film narration, or block (segment) of storytelling within a film, much like a scene in a play; the end of a scene is often indicated by a change in time, action and/or location. From www.filmsite.org/filmterms15.html Cinematic Elements to "Read" in a Film 1. Camera movement (tracking, panning), camera angle, camera distance (far shot, medium shot, closeup). 2. "Photography" (lenses, deep focus, filters, film speed, intentional under ­ or over ­ exposure). 3. Lighting (artificial or natural, intensity, direction). 4. Framing/composition (shape of objects in the shot and their relation to each other and to the frame). Is emotional distance between characters expressed through composition? 5. Sound track (voice ­over, noise, music). 6. Editing/montage (length of shots, rhythm, relationship of one shot to the next). 7. Transitions (dissolve, fade in/out, iris in/out, wipe). 8. Mise ­en ­scene or the stuff inside the frame. Glossary of basic film terms: www.springhurst.org/cinemagic/glossary_terms.htm Storyboarding: A technique used in preproduction by film crews to plan out a shoot. It starts as a rough sketch of a particular scene so that everyone knows where the camera will be, where the actors will be and how the action will unfold. www2.hawaii.edu/~ricky/etec/whatis.html Questions to get you thinking: •What is the relationship between the film and its title? Is the title ironic? Does it provide a clue to the "meaning" of the film? •How is the plot constructed? Is it based on causality, or is it episodic? Can you detect a pattern of repetition or contrast? Is there a vividly marked turning point or climax? •What is the relation between story ­time and discourse (film) ­time? Are the events presented chronologically? What functions do any flashbacks or foreshadowings fulfill? How does the time sequence contribute to mood (suspenseful, satiric, etc.)? •Do the main characters develop during the course of the film? What are their traits and how are they conveyed? (You might look at names, speech, actions, costumes, makeup and narration.) Is behavior motivated, consistent? Are the characters "realistic" or caricatured? •What is the function of the setting and decor (location, sets, props, costumes)? How do they contribute to the mood of the film? •How do the point of view (omniscient, limited, reliable, consistent) and the cinematic/visual style complement each other? From http://www.gmu.edu/departments/writingcenter/handouts/film.html ...
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