Practice Reading G - Practice Test G Reading Questions 1 11...

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Practice Test G - Reading Line (5) (10) (15) (20) (25) Questions 1 – 11 The United States Constitution makes no provision for the nomination of candidates for the presidency. As the framers of the Constitution set up the system, the electors would, out of their own knowledge, select the "wisest and best" as President. But the rise of political parties altered that system drastically — and with the change came the need for nominations. The first method that the parties developed to nominate presidential candidates was the congressional caucus, a small group of members of Congress. That method was regularly used in the elections of 1800 to 1824. But its closed character led to its downfall in the mid-1820's. For the election of 1832, both major parties turned to the national convention as their nominating device. It has continued to serve them ever since. With the convention process, the final selection of the President is, for all practical purposes, narrowed to one of two persons: the Republican or the Democratic party nominee. Yet there is almost no legal control of that vital process. The Constitution is silent on the subject of presidential nominations. There is, as well, almost no statutory law on the matter. The only provisions in federal law have to do with the financing of conventions. And in each state there is only a small body of laws that deal with issues related to the convention, such as the choosing of delegates and the manner in which they may cast their votes. In short, the convention is very largely a creation and a responsibility of the political parties themselves. In both the Republican and Democratic parties, the national committee is charged with making the plans and arrangements for the national convention. As much as a year before it is held, the committee meets (usually in Washington, D.C.) to set the time and place for the convention. July has been the favored month; but each party has met in convention as early as mid-June and also as late as the latter part of August. Where the convention is held is a matter of prime importance. There must be an adequate convention hall, sufficient hotel accommodations, plentiful entertainment outlets, and efficient transportation facilities. 1. Which of the following motivated a change in the original method of selecting a President of the United States? (A) The framers of the Constitution (B) The rise of the congressional caucus (C) The emergence of the party system (D) The establishment of national conventions 2. When was the congressional caucus used? (A) In the early 1800's (B) During the election of 1832 (C) Throughout the nineteenth century (D) In several recent elections
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3. What can be inferred about why the congressional caucus system was terminated? (A) It was too expensive.
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2010 for the course PHYSICS 191262 taught by Professor Najafzadeh during the Spring '09 term at The Petroleum Institute.

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Practice Reading G - Practice Test G Reading Questions 1 11...

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