RTA and young people in the UAE - 1 Literature review...

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1. Literature review Driving is very important in United Arab Emirates (UAE) for working, social life, entertainment, educational, economic [as well as] recreational and other reasons, but motor vehicle crashes are a major cause of injury, disability and death [1]. Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are increasingly being recognized as a growing public health problem in Bedouin Arabian Gulf countries [2]. This literature review will demonstrate the following points; high rates of accident, age and the causes of RTA, which been discussed in three articles [1-3] 1.1 High rates of accidents Previous studies [1] have shown that casualty and fatality rates in UAE and in other Gulf countries are much higher than in the developing countries with comparable vehicle ownership levels [2]. Compared to the UK and the USA, the extent of the problem becomes apparent [2]. Whereas the UK and USA recorded 0.72 and 1.51 RTA fatalities per hundred million vehicle kilometers, UAE recorded a disproportionate 3.33 fatalities per hundred million vehicle kilometers [2]. Even though the ratio of vehicles to population is greatest in the UAE (5.4 people per vehicle, compared to 2.1 people and 1.3 people per vehicle in the UK and US respectively) [2]. Another study [2] shows that the average fatality per 10,000 vehicles of UAE is 13.3. This figure [is] twice as much compared to neighboring oil rich countries like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
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