Exam3_review_solutions - LIN 306 EXAM 3 review problem...

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LIN 306 EXAM 3 review problem solutions Morphological and semantic change: 1. narrowing 2. widening 3. analogy 4. analogy (I dived into the pool) || reanalysis (a napron > an apron) 5. narrowing 6. euphemism Writing systems 1. Japanese uses a mixed system of 2 syllabaries and a logographic system 2. Mayan hieroglyphs were a mixed system: logographic, syllabic and with phonetic complements 3. Hebrew uses a consonantal system Proto-Western Turkic - solution A. Reconstruct based on the sound correspondences. - Set up correspondences: b-b-b-b u-u-u- ɪ r-r-r-r a-a-a-a n-n-n-n u- ɪ -/- ɪ k-g-k-k o-o-o-u k-x-k-k b-b-m-m y-y-y-y t-t-t-t p-r-p-f r-p-r-r y-y- ǰ -y
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- Reconstruct the obvious ones first based on the correspondences: b-b-b-b *b u-u-u- ɪ r-r-r-r *r a-a-a-a *a n-n-n-n *n u- ɪ -/- ɪ k-g-k-k o-o-o-u k-x-k-k k-k-k-k *k b-b-m-m y-y-y-y *y t-t-t-t *t p-r-p-f r-p-r-r y-y- ǰ -y What do we do about these sets? k-g-k-k, k-x-k-k For the set: k-g-k-k, if we reconstruct *k, then all we need to do is say that *k > g in Azerbaijani word- initially. That does not cause any problems. For k-x-k-k, what if we say it was *k, and propose the change *k > x in Azerbaijani word-finally? If we say that, then we have to deal with the words guyruk and yarpak that have final k that did not change. .. So contrary to "majority rules" we must reconstruct *x for the k-x-k-k set and say that it changed to k in the other three languages.
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Exam3_review_solutions - LIN 306 EXAM 3 review problem...

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