psycModule 1

psycModule 1 - Module 1: History and Scope of Psychology...

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Module 1: History and Scope of Psychology Pre-scientific Psychology o Socrates (469-399 BCE) and his student: Plato (428-348 BCE) Socrates and Plato believed that the mind was separate from the body and that it continued to exist after death, and that ideas were innate o Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Suggested that the soul is not separate form the body and that knowledge (ideas) grow from experience o Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Like Plato and Socrates, thought that the soul (mind) and the body were separated but he speculated on how the immaterial mind and the physical body communicated o John Locke (1632 – 1704) Locke thought that the mind is a tabula rasa or blank sheet at birth and experience writes on it Psychological Science is Born o Structuralism Wundt and Titchner studied the elements (atoms) of the mind by conducting experiments Leipzig, Germany in 1879 Studied the mind by using introspection (self-reflection) Their lab in Leipzig was the first laboratory of psychology They wrote the first textbook of psychology o Functionalism Influenced by Darwin, William James established the school of functionalism, opposing structuralism James thought it would be better to study the evolved functions of our thoughts and feelings instead of just studying the elements of
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psycModule 1 - Module 1: History and Scope of Psychology...

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