Lecture 5 - Lecture 5 09/16/08 Cosmology 9 Gods Heroes...

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Lecture 5 09/16/08 Cosmology 9 Gods Heroes Mortals Gods in The Iliad Rationality 9 . Causality 9 . Actions/consequence. Melodramatic 9 and sometimes contradictory 9 interactions among divine 9 figures (see the opening scene where Apollo E W 7 E , Zeus = I a and the other two goddesses fight) Determinism e . The problem of free will (If Achilles followed his “free will” he would have killed Agamemnon, but Athena stopped him.) Human mortality => seriousness (e.g. Hector's mortality in Book 6) Gods' immortality 9 allows humorous situations (they can fight again and again) => Most of the comedy is played out among gods; Gods are self-absorbed, preoccupied with their own desires Zeus is the most “stable” of the gods. He tends to be the most selfless 9 . Free will vs. Determinism Human being exist somewhere on the scale between freedom and determinism destiny/fate seems to be driven by Zeus’ will . However, Zeus is not omnipotent : there are occasions 9
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2010 for the course EUR 101 taught by Professor Westphalen during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Lecture 5 - Lecture 5 09/16/08 Cosmology 9 Gods Heroes...

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