History of Evolutionary Theory

History of Evolutionary Theory - History of Evolutionary...

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Not to an individual, but a population through time Evolution is change Published in 1859 Contrary to religious doctrine during the time Origin of the Species World is Static Species were created by God and remain unchanged It provided the mechanism for understanding how change occurs and has occurred in species Went against the prevailing view Darwin was not the first think that species changed Fixity of Species, Aristotle and the Great Chain of Being An hierarchal distribution of life that did not change levels, common throughout Middle Ages until Renaissance God created Earth and all living organisms in 6 days Biblical Account of Genesis Archbishop James Ussher (1581-1656) Calculated the date of creation to be 4004 B.C. by studying the Bible System of Binomial Classification (genus and species) "Systema Naturae" Recognized morphological similarities between monkeys, apes and humans Taxonomy - the science of classifying and naming things Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) Non-evolutionary Ideas before Darwin George Louis de Buffon (1707-1788) Histoire Naturelle (1749) Suggested that closely related "families" (i.e. horse and ass) were descendants of a common ancestor that adapted to different environments (1749) Believed Earth was older (75,000 years) Recanted these statements
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History of Evolutionary Theory - History of Evolutionary...

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