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HIST 1020. 1. French Revolution

HIST 1020. 1. French Revolution - FRENCH REVOLUTION 1789­...

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Unformatted text preview: FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789­ 1799 French Revolution: Background French Monarchy French Society Warfare Financial Crisis Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette Charles­Alexander de Calonne Tax Reform Social Discontent Nobility Clergy The 3rd estate Enlightenment’s discourse Freedom & Equality Harvest failures Louis XVI Marie Antoinette Versailles “Ancien Regime” French Revolution: First Stages Parlements The Assembly of Notables, 1787 The Estates­General Tennis Court Oath The National Assembly Economic decline Popular violence Bastille, July 14, 1789 Peasant Insurrections Abolition of Feudalism Tennis Court Oath Estates General/ National Assembly Storm of Bastille Consolidating & Radicalizing the Revolution Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen, August 26, 1789 Constitution, 1791 Jacobin Club Sans­Culottes (Without Breeches) Politization of Society Varennes Declaration of Pilnitz, August 27, 1791 Liberty, Equality and Fraternity Declaration of rights Liberty, Fraternity, Equality Sans Culottes Inside of a Jacobin Club Varrenes Flight to Varennes Radical Phase (1791—1794): Civil Rights vs. National Security Reactions in Europe Monarchy Deposed French Republic Proclaimed (1792) National Convention Louis XIV executed, January, 1793 Counterrevolution Committee of Public Safety Robespierre The Law of Suspects Terror Vendee , March 1793 Jacobines Universal Manhood suffrage Reforms Foreign invasion Valmy (Prussians and Austrians defeated) Military conscription Peasants rebel against the revolution Battle at Valmy Louis XVI Executed Joseph Ignace Guillotin Vendee, March 1793 Revolt in the Vendée the peasants revolted against the Revolutionary government in 1793. They resented the changes imposed on the Roman Catholic Church by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1793) and broke into open revolt in defiance of the Revolutionary government's military conscription. A guerrilla war, led by an underground faction known as the Chouans (screech owls) at the outset, known as the Revolt in the Vendée and would cost more than 100,000 lives until it ended in 1796. The suppression of the Catholic Royalists was merciless. At the conclusion of the action at Savenay, the French General François Joseph Westermann wrote to the Committee of Public Safety, "There is no more Vendée. It died with its wives and its children by our free sabers. I have just buried it in the woods and the swamps of Savenay. According to the orders that you gave me, I crushed the children under the feet of the horses, massacred the women who, at least for these, will not give birth to any more brigands. I do not have a prisoner to reproach me. I have all exterminated.” Robespierre Terror: "Cest affreux mais nécessaire" (It is dreadful but necessary) Reign of Terror French Revolution: Final Stage (1794­99) Termidorian Reaction, 1794 Directory Robespierre arrested & beheaded Popular protest Royalist insurrection Coup d’etat, 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte The Age of Napoleon Consolidation of Power First Council Council for Life, 1802 Emperor, 1804 Conquest Napoleonic Code Abolition of Feudalism (Serfdom) Fall of Napoleon Napoleon’s legacy Liberal movement Nationalism Coronation of Napoleon ...
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