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Unformatted text preview: GKIN 100- STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 1 Pg 2-10 I. Wellness: The New Health Goal • Health (def)- overall condition of a person’s body or mind to the presence or absence of illness or injury • Wellness (def)- expands on the idea of health it refers to optimal health and vitality – to living life to its fullest A. The Dimensions of Wellness 1. Physical – avoid illness and injury 2. Emotional – understand and deal with your feelings 3. Intellectual – challenge your mind never stop learning 4. Interpersonal – aka Social Wellness 5. Spiritual – possess guiding beliefs, principles, or values that focuses on the positive aspects of life and finds spirituality to be an antidote for negative feelings 6. Environmental- livability of your B. New Opportunities, New Responsibilities • I nfectious disease (def)- a disease that can spread from person to person; caused by microorganisms such as bacteria or viruses • Chronic disease (def)- a disease that develops and continues over a long period of time, such as heart disease or cancer • Lifestyle choices (def) – a conscious behavior that can increase or decrease a person’s risk of disease or injury; such behaviors include smoking, exercising, eating a healthy diet C. The Healthy People Initiative • Aims to prevent disease and improve Americans’ quality of life 1. Increase quality and years of healthy life 2. Eliminate health disparities among Americans D. Behaviors that Contribute to Wellness 1. Be physically active • ½ of Americans aren’t physically active and 15% are not active at all • long term- it helps against chronic disease a 2. Choose a Healthy Diet 3. Maintain a Healthy Body Weight 4. Manage Stress Effectively 5. Avoid Drugs and Lim it Alcohol Use 6. Protect Yourself from Disease and Injury Chapter 2: PR I NC IPLES OF PHYSICAL F I TNESS I. Physical Activity and Exercise for Health and Fitness A. Physical Activity on a Continuum • Physical activity (def)- any body movement carried out by the skeletal muscles and requiring energy • On the continuum moderate physical activity vigorous physical activity strengthening exercises • Exercise (def)- subset of physical activity planned, structured, repetitive movement of the body intended specifically to improve or maintain physical fitness • Physical Activity and Health - by the Surgeon general, a landmark report designed to encourage Americans to become more active – encouraged moderate physical activity (brisk walking, dancing, swimming, cycling...etc) B. How much Physical Activity is Enough? • The amount of activity depends on the individual’s health status and goals • Regular physical activity, regardless of the intensity, makes you healthier and can help protect you from many chronic diseases • Surgeon General use about 150 calories a day- about 30 mins I I. Health-Related Components of Physical Fitness 1. Cardio-respiratory (def)- ability to perform prolonged, large muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate-to-high levels of intensity...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2010 for the course GKIN 100 taught by Professor Hansbrough during the Spring '07 term at James Madison University.
- Spring '07