Module 9 - 01:25 Maturation- biological growth processes...

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01:25 Maturation - biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience Schema - a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information Assimilation - interpreting one’s new experience in terms of one’s existing schemas Accommodation - adapting one’s current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information Cognition - all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating Sensorimotor stage - in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from birth to about 2 years of age) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities Object permanence - the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived Preoperational stage - in Piaget’s theory, the stage (from about 2 to 6 years of age) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic Conservation - the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects Egocentrism - in Piaget’s theory, the preoperational child’s difficulty taking another’s point of view Theory of mind - people’s ideas about their own and other’s mental states- about their feelings, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior these might predict Autism - a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others’ states of mind Concrete operational stage - in Piaget’s theory, the stage of cognitive development (from about 6-11) during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events Formal operational stage - in Piaget’s theory, the stage of cognitive development (normally beginning about age 12) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts Stranger anxiety - the fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginning by about 8 months of age Attachment - an emotional tie with another person; shown in young children by their seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing distress on separation Critical period - an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism’s exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development Imprinting - the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life Basic trust - according to Erik Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy; said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers Self-concept - a sense of one’s identity and personal worth
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From ages 3-6, the brain’s neural network is sprouting most rapidly in the frontal lobes, which enable rational planning, and continue developing into adolescence and beyond The association areas of the cortex- those linked with thinking, memory, and language-
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Module 9 - 01:25 Maturation- biological growth processes...

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