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Module 21 - Module21 20:59 Objective 21-1 Natures most...

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Module 21 20:59 Objective 21-1 Nature’s most important gift to us is our adaptability - our capacity to learn new behaviors that enable us to cope with changing circumstances Learning - a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience We learn by association Conditioning is the process of learning associations In CLASSICAL CONDITIONING , we learn to associate two stimuli and thus to anticipate events In OPERANT CONDITIONINING , we learn to associate a response (our behavior) and its consequence and thus to repeat acts followed by good results and avoid acts followed by bad results In OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING, we learn from others’ experiences and examples Objective 21-2 Ivan Pavlov = classical conditioning John Watson= behaviorism The view that psychology should be an objective science based on observational behavior Pavlov studied salivary secretion in dogs Dog began salivating at stimuli associated with the food (the presence of the person
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