Module 23 - Module23 23:00 Objective 23-1 Among higher...

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Module 23 23:00 Objective 23-1 Among higher animals (esp. humans) learning need not occur through direct experience Observational learning in which we observe and imitate others, also plays a big part The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior= modeling mirror neurons provide a neural basis for observational learning when a monkey grasps, holds, or tears, these neurons fire they also fire when they see another monkey performing the same task mirror neurons help children learn by observation how to mime lip and tongue movement when forming new words help give rise to children’s empathy and to their ability to infer another’s mental state (theory of mind) Objective 23-2 Children who observe aggressive outbursts are more likely to lash out They imitate the very acts they had observed, and used the very words they had heard Bandura believes reinforcements and punishments determine whether we will imitate a model We are especially likely to imitate people we perceive as similar to ourselves, as
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Module 23 - Module23 23:00 Objective 23-1 Among higher...

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