Module 34 - 20:10 Motivation- a need or desire that...

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20:10 Motivation - a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior Instinct - a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned Drive - reduction theory - the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need Homeostasis - a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level Incentive - a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior Hierarchy of needs - maslow’s pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active Objective 34-1 In an attempt to understand motivated behaviors, psychologists have used four perspectives Instinct theory Drive-reduction theory Arousal theory Hierarchy of needs INSTINCTS Rather than explaining human behaviors, the early instinct theorists were simply naming them They were classifying all sorts of behaviors as instincts It was like “explaining” a bright child’s low grades by labeling the child an “underachiever”…to name a behavior is NOT to explain it To qualify as an instinct, a complex behavior must have a fixed pattern throughout a species and be unlearned Newly hatched ducks and geese form attachments to the first moving object they see Mature salmon swim hundreds of miles upstream to reach the place they were born,
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Maas during the Fall '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Module 34 - 20:10 Motivation- a need or desire that...

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