Module 52 - 22:44 Psychotherapy an emotionally charged...

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22:44 Psychotherapy - an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties Eclectic approach - an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client’s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy Psychoanalysis - Sigmund frued’s therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient’s free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences- and the therapist’s interpretations of them- released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight Resistance - in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material Interpretation - in psychoanalysis, the analyst’s noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight Transference - in psychoanalysis, the patient’s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent) Client-centered therapy - a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients’ growth Active listening- empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers’ client-centered therapy Behavior therapy - therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors Counterconditioning - a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning. Includes: exposure therapy and aversive conditioning Exposure therapies - behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid Systematic desensitization - a type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias Virtual reality exposure therapy - an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking Aversive conditioning - a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol) Token economy - an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats
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