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Constant - -modern definition of liberty p.2 people are...

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Constant : Liberty of the Ancients as Compared to that of the Moderns -says modern liberty is better -says ancient citizenship was a burdensome obligation versus modern liberty which is characterized by social/civil liberties -modern liberty is a freedom of politics, you are free because you don’t have to participate -claims democracies are inherently warlike -draws distinctions between 2 different types of liberty (ancient and modern) -people of today don’t want the “liberty” of antiquity, trying to force it on people doesn’t work (ie-France prior to French Rev.) -2 ancient regimes: Gaul and Lacedaemonain govs: corrupt, religion= gov, power to some, no power to the general public Rome: representative mission but only feeble traces of representative system
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Unformatted text preview: -modern definition of liberty: p.2, people are only subject to laws, never subject to other’s arbitrary will, people have certain inalienable rights, people have some ability to influence the government-ancient: private action is subject to surveillance, no importance placed on individual independence, individual was sovereign in public affairs but slave in private life, no individual liberties-Athens came closest to modern liberty (b/c of slaves, commerce: couldn’t have functioned w/o heavy focus on these)-development of technology, society, etc gives us more happiness but we have less awareness of our political impact-better life than the ancients have, fair trade-we don’t have the same love for political philosophy as the ancients did...
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