reviewtest2 - Review for Exam 2 1940-1975 Francoism...

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Review for Exam 2: 1940-1975. Francoism Materials : Blackboard notes, Francoism folder Graham, “Gender and the State” London “Ideology and Sports” Article Nada by Carmen Laforet Law of Political Responsibilities, Franco’s “revenge,” true and anti-Spain - The Law of Political Responsibilities was established in 1939 where legal political or trade union activity back to October 1934 was treated as a crime. Physical extermination. 200,000 executions and 400,000 imprisoned. Political organization, political parties, and social, political, economical conditions under Franco - Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional- Sindicalista ("Spanish Traditionalist Phalanx of the Assemblies of National-Syndicalist Offensive", FET y de las JONS) were the main parties during Franco’s regime. Complete rejection of modern democracy. All political parties illegal except these fascists’ parties. There was widespread starvation and epidemic disease in countryside and regime’s prisons (malaria and typhoid). There was the goal of industrialization which failed because of protection of inefficient agricultural system and elite interests paid by the working class. The first of these fundamental laws was the Labor Charter, promulgated on March 9, 1938. It set forth the social policy of the regime, and it stressed the mutual obligations of the state and its citizens: all Spaniards had the duty to work, and the state was to assure them the right to work. Although the decree called for adequate wages, paid vacations, and a limit to working hours, it ensured labor's compliance with the new regime by labeling strikes as treason. Later legislation required Spanish workers to join vertical syndicates in which both owners and employees were supposed to cooperate for the good of the nation. Another fundamental law, the Constituent Law of the Cortes (1942), provided the trappings of constitutionalism. This Cortes (Spanish Parliament), was purely an advisory body, and it had little in common with democratic legislatures. Most of its members were indirectly elected or appointed, and many were already part of the administration. The Cortes did not have the right to initiate legislation or to vote against the government; it could only approve laws presented by the executive. There was no vestige of power attached to this function because the law permitted Franco to legislate by decree without consulting the Cortes. The Council of Ministers, the
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members of which were appointed by, and presided over, by Franco, exercised executive authority. Franco had the right to dismiss these ministers. Franco’s political ideas as connected to the Disaster of 1898 - The defeated Spanish Army, however, had as much, if not more, incentive for reform in the aftermath of the war whose centennial we now observe. The Spanish Army also had a profound need to defend its reputation, and this led to a series of conflicts with Spain’s civil government. In the aftermath
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