Test review 1-chapter 1- 2 - Latin Master Review Test 1...

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Latin Master Review: Test 1Austin DeBoer1)Chapter 1: verbs; First & second conjugations: Present Infinitive, and Imperative active; Translatinga)Verbs:b)Exhibit 5 characteristics: ( Used to parse)c)Person(3): 1st, 2nd, or 3rdd)Number(2): Singular, Plurale)Tense (6): When or the time the actions happensi)Presentii)Imperfectiii)Futureiv)Perfectv)Pluperfectvi)Future Perfectf)Mood: The manner of indicating the action or state of being of the verbi)Indicative“Indicates” factsii)ImperativeOrders commandsiii)SubjunctiveDescribes potential events or actionsg)Voice: Whether the subject performs the action or action is done to themi)ActivePerforming the actionii)Passive:The action is being done to themh)Conjugation of verbs: Shows all the forms of the verbs
Latin Master Review: Test 1Austin DeBoeri)Only the 3rdperson singular does not need a preposition in order to make sense, while the other 5 do require a preposition. ii)Example:Singular Plural1stIWe2ndYou You (all)3rdHe, She, ItTheyi)Latin verbs have 2 parts1.Stem: gives meaning2.Ending: give person & number3.Exp:SingularPlural1stAmo-I LoveAmamus- We Love2ndAmas- You LoveAmatis- You (all) Love3rdAmat- He lovesAmant- They Love4.2ndPrinciple partAmo, Amare, Amavi, AmatumInfinite:(a)Not a finite verb, meaning it’s not limited by person and number.(b)AmareInfinitiveTo love(c)Personal Endings: present, active, indicativeSingularPlural1st-o-mus2nd-s-tis3rd-t-ntj)Finding the Stem
Latin Master Review: Test 1Austin DeBoerTake the present active infinitive ( 2ndprincipal part) and drop the “-are” in 1st conjugation or the “-ere” in the 2ndconjugation.From this infinitive, simply drop the “-re” and you that the stem to apply to your conjugation.k)Transitive vs. Intransitive Verbs1.Transitive:“transfers”; He Loves herActive or Passive2.Intransitive:Unable to transfer; walks Present Infinitive Active and Present Steml)Infinitives :1.indicated by the “-are” in 1stconjugation2.Indicated by –ere in 2ndconjugationm)Present Indicative Actice1.Tense, mood, voice ^^^SingularPlural1stLaudo, I praise, am praisingLaudamus, we praise, are praising2ndLaudas, you praise, are praisingLaudamus, you ( all praise), are praising3rdLaudant, they praise. Are praisingLaudant, they praise, are praising n)Alphabet and pronunciation:1.Latin doesn’t have a J or W, but the letter V makes up for both sounds2.Diphthongs:Two vowel sounds that are collapsed together into a single syllableAe
Latin Master Review: Test 1Austin DeBoerAuEiEuOeUiSelf-taught tutorial pages: Chapter 11.

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