Test review 1 - Latin Master Review: Test 1 Austin DeBoer...

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Latin Master Review: Test 1 Austin DeBoer 1) Chapter 1: verbs; First & second conjugations: Present Infinitive, and Imperative active; Translating a) Verbs: b) Exhibit 5 characteristics: ( Used to parse) c) Person(3): 1 st , 2 nd , or 3 rd d) Number(2): Singular, Plural e) Tense (6): When or the time the actions happens i) Present ii) Imperfect iii) Future iv) Perfect v) Pluperfect vi) Future Perfect f) Mood: The manner of indicating the action or state of being of the verb i) Indicative “Indicates” facts ii) Imperative Orders commands iii) Subjunctive Describes potential events or actions g) Voice: Whether the subject performs the action or action is done to them i) Active Performing the action ii) Passive: The action is being done to them h) Conjugation of verbs: Shows all the forms of the verbs
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Latin Master Review: Test 1 Austin DeBoer i) Only the 3 rd person singular does not need a preposition in order to make sense, while the other 5 do require a preposition. ii) Example: Singular Plural 1 st I We 2 nd You You (all) 3 rd He, She, It They i) Latin verbs have 2 parts 1. Stem: gives meaning 2. 3. Exp: Singular Plural 1 st Amo-I Love Amamus- We Love 2 nd Amas- You Love Amatis- You (all) Love 3 rd Amat- He loves Amant- They Love 4. 2 nd Principle part Amo, Amare, Amavi, Amatum Infinite: (a) Not a finite verb, meaning it’s not limited by person and number. (b) Amare Infinitive To love (c) Personal Endings: present, active, indicative Singular Plural 1 st -o -mus 2 nd -s -tis 3 rd -t -nt j) Finding the Stem
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Latin Master Review: Test 1 Austin DeBoer Take the present active infinitive ( 2 nd principal part) and drop the “-are” in 1 st conjugation or the “-ere” in the 2 nd conjugation. From this infinitive, simply drop the “-re” and you that the stem to apply to your conjugation. k) Transitive vs. Intransitive Verbs 1. Transitive: “transfers”; He Loves her Active or Passive 2. Intransitive: Unable to transfer; walks Present Infinitive Active and Present Stem l) Infinitives : 1. indicated by the “-are” in 1 st conjugation 2. Indicated by –ere in 2 nd conjugation m) Present Indicative Actice
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Test review 1 - Latin Master Review: Test 1 Austin DeBoer...

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