Notes 12-01-08 - 12/01/08:"GrandTheftEducation"...

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12/01/08: "Grand Theft Education" Monday, December 01, 2008 2:56 PM Today's Topics: Ids: ENIAC, "Copyleft," "Gaming literacy" How are computers used to reinforce our social expectations Lecture Topic:  Early Computers in the United States: o Growth of IBM In 1897, Thomas Watson was a salesman in Dayton, Ohio. He was hired  by "The cash" to set up a dummy cash register company to squash the  competition to drive competitors out of business; this was successful, but it led  the executives to be sued and convicted of conspiracy because of anti-trust  laws. He is fired shortly there after He then tried to buy another company called the tabulating machine  company, which made punch cards and was Successful. They were used to  calculate large numbers. He merges with CTR, another calculating company. By the mid 1920s, he is able to rename the company International  Business machines (IBM), Watson expands IBM through the great depression  regardless of the fact his stock was dropping like crazy. He is continuing to lose  money, but this decision completely pays off because Roosevelt and the new  deal need to keep track of large numbers (workers, wages, etc) and Watson'  won all the government contracts to keep track of these numbers.  IBM only rents out their machines not selling their machines because they  could have recurring cash, and you need a repair person who specializes in the  system. IBM was able to keep a staff of workers to go and service machines  because they weren't selling them. Watson Jr. takes over the company in the 1940s. He was the potential of 
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Notes 12-01-08 - 12/01/08:"GrandTheftEducation"...

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