Review for Final - Final Review: AMS 310 Austin DeBoer IDs:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Final Review: AMS 310 Austin DeBoer IDs: 1) 10/13/08: "The image in turn-of-the century Popular culture" a) Id's 'chromo,", celluloid, " brownie," Halftone effect, Nickelodeon i) “Chromo” (1) A lithograph is an authorized reproduction of a piece of art, and when they were reproduced using pigment and color, they were called “Chromolithographs” or “chromo” for short. (2) Chromolithograph: around the turn of the century, color in photographs was starting to be used in visual representations and people were really into photos and “Chromo for short” (3) Commercial Art (a) “Chromo: took on a specific meaning: “reprinting of a painting or drawing that was made for mass distribution” (b) Companies would invest money to recreate old painting for advertising, such as the Anheuser Busch Company who recreated “Custer’s last fight” painted in 1896 by Cassily Adam. They put it in all of the bars and saloons they could because it was a very famous painting and soon the two became synonymous. (4) Domestic art: (a) Critiques said that these 2-3 dollar recreations degraded high art; degraded culture, while middle class reformed claimed they would be used to uplift people who needed more culture. (b) The “barefoot boy” by Eastman Johnson in 1867, “Sunset in the Yosemite Valley” by Albert Bierstadt in 1868, & “Domestic Display” were all very popular 19 th century lithographs. (5) With the popularity of “Chromos” many people desired to express their own imagination through cost effective art, enter photography. ii) Photography: (1) Photography was developed around 1839 and it became very popular, but it was a laborious process because the very light sensitive materials had to be developed on site and shortly after the picture was taken. (2) In the late 1870s, a new type of dry plate was developed and was much more perishable, meaning that the photographer could wait to develop the photos until a later time. (3) Stereoscope (a) Throughout the 1880s photographs of prominent people were distributed throughout the country and a new way of viewing the photos came about. (b) The stereoscope was a lens on a type of plate where two copies of the same image were set side-by-side and held in front of the lenses. Looking through the lenses and you could see the images crossed over creating a 3-d image. It was often a sort of game to guess where the subtle differences within the pictures were since they were two different pictures. (c) This became synonymous with dating because public dating hadn’t developed yet so many boys and girls would eat dinner with either’s family then look at photos through the stereoscope.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Final Review: AMS 310 Austin DeBoer (4) Kodak Camera (a) Invented in 1877 by George Eastman. He became very disenchanted with the amount of things he had to lug around for his amateur past time. He tried many different things to avoid carrying all types of film, but wasn’t successful until he tried a newly developed product called celluloid—it could be wound into a roll of
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/19/2010 for the course HIS 506n taught by Professor ? during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 19

Review for Final - Final Review: AMS 310 Austin DeBoer IDs:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online