Review for mid-term - IDs and Essay connections for History...

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ID’s and Essay connections for History Mid-term Austin DeBoer 1. 9/3/08”: ID’s: Culture, “Consensus era”, Vernon Louis Parrington a. Culture: i. " that complex whole which includes artifacts, beliefs, art, all other habits acquired by [humans] as members of society, and all products of human activity as determined by these habits ii. John Stewart/ Steven Colbert: satirical information/ presentation of the news iii. Mark Twain/ Will Rogers: 1. Twain: a. Highly connected to American culture b. Vernacular c. Mass appeal d. Political rhetoric e. Journalistic style 2. Rogers: a. Actor b. Mayor of Beverly hills c. Satirist 3. [mass media theatre politics] b. Consensus Era: i. Commonly terms used to refer to the 1950-1960s, 1. FDR called for preserving culture (american studies) following WWII ii. 1930-1940s were known as the radical period 1. Educators were revamping education iii. Multicultural period- 70s-80s 1. Challenges “monolithic” view point iv. Transnational period 1990-present 1. Looks at the U.S. in relation to the rest of the world. c. Vernon Louise Parrington i. From the 1920-1930s American studies was ignited by Vernon Louise Parrington, who is considered the intellectual starter of the viewpoint 1. “main currents in American thought” (1927) 2. He studies U.S. history, but he brought in geography and economics to have a very vast view. He constructed a “usable past” making order and sense for American studies. 2. 9/8/08: IDs: Lewis Mumford, James printer, captivity narrative, moveable type a. Lewis Mumford (1895-1990) i. Born in Flushing, NY ii. Social philosopher( tech in society) iii. Shows the connection between artifacts and social life ,with a balance between organic life and man-made life iv. Argues the esthetic value of the machine is just as valuable as its actual function 1. The Honda element and how the functional side helps improve its appeal v. Influenced by Geddess; social processed and environments are reciprocal 1. Wanted tech. to be used in different classes not only by the higher classes vi. Post WWII, he found great distress in the expansion of American society( mainly highways because of their physical detachment from the environment) vii. Great IP thinker, I.E. American studies; 1. Refused to be identified with any area of study and only served as a visiting professor. b. James Printer ( connect to Mary Rowlandson) i. Effectively erased because of the mass production of Rowlandson tale
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ID’s and Essay connections for History Mid-term Austin DeBoer ii. English speaking Nipmuck Indian, who converted to Christianity and worked as a printer in the Boston colony iii. November 1675, hundreds of nipmuck Indians come into Boston to take captives 1. He had to choose to go back to captivity or rejoin the Indians, he goes into captivity with Rowlandson 2.
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