Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: Voting, Campaigns, and elections:...

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Chapter 10: Voting, Campaigns, and elections: Key terms: o Responsible party: A political party that takes clear, distinct stands on the issues and enacts them as policy when in office o Prospective voting model A theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what government will do in the near future by choosing one or another responsible party. o Electoral competition model: A form of election in which parties seeking votes move toward the median voter or the center of the political spectrum o Median voter: Refers to the voter at the exact middle of the political spectrum. o Electoral reward and punishment: The tendency to vote for the incumbents when times are good and against them when times are bad. o Retrospective voting: A form of election in which voters look back at the performance of a party in power and cast ballots on the basis of how well it did in office. o Provisional ballot: A vote that is cast but not counted until determination is made that the voters is properly registered. o Franchise: The legal right to vote o Suffrage: The ability to vote. o Electoral college: Representatives of the sates who formally elect the president; the number of electors in each state is equal to the total number of its senators and congressional representatives. o Convention, party: A gathering of delegates who nominate a party’s presidential candidate. o Primary election: Statewide elections in which voters choose delegates to the national party conventions; virtually all delegates are pledged to specific candidate for the part’s nomination. o Caucus nominating system A system for selection delegates to the national party conventions characterized by neighborhood and area wide meetings of party supporters and activists; used in only a handful of states. o Turnout: The proportion of eligible voters who actually vote in a given election. o Referenda:
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Procedures available in some states by which state laws or constitutional amendments proposed by the legislature are submitted to the voters for approval or rejection. o Initiatives: Procedures available in some states for citizens to put proposed laws an constitutional amendments on the ballot for voter approval or rejection. o Superdelegates: Elected officials from all levels of government who are appointed by party committees to be delegates to the national convention of the Democratic Party; not selected in primary election or caucuses. o Normal vote: The proportion of the votes that each party would win if party identification alone affected voting decisions. o Electors: Representatives who are elected in the states to formally choose the U.S. president.
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Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: Voting, Campaigns, and elections:...

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