Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Key terms o Habeas Corpus The legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a timely hearing before a judge o

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Chapter 12: Key terms: o Habeas Corpus: The legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a timely hearing before a judge. o Trusts: Large combinations of business corporations o State of the Union: Annual address to the nation by the president, delivered before a joint session of congress, on the state of the nation and his legislative proposals for addressing national problems. o Executive order: A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the force of law, based either on the constitutional powers of the presidency or on congressional statutes. o Treaty: A formal international agreement between two or more countries; in the United States, requires the “advice and consent” of the senate. o Executive agreement: An agreement with another country signed by the president that has the force of law, like a treaty; does not require senate approval; originally used for minor technical matters, now an important tool of presidential power in foreign affairs. o Institutional presidency: Permanent bureaucracy associated with the presidency, designed to help the incumbent of the office carry out his responsibilities. o Chief of staff: A top adviser to the president who also manages the white house staff. o National security adviser: A top foreign policy and defense adviser to the president who head the national security council.
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o Executive office of the president (EOP) A group of organizations that advise the president on a wide range of issues; includes the office of management and budget, the national security council, and the council of economic advisers. o Office of management and Budget (OMB) An organization within the executive office of the president that advises on the federal budget, domestic legislation, and regulations. o Council of economic advisers (CEA) An organization in the executive office of the president made up of a small group of economists who advise on economic policy. o National security council (NSC) An organization in the executive office of the president made up of officials from the state and defense department, the CIA, and the military, who advise on foreign and security affairs. o
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2010 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Key terms o Habeas Corpus The legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a timely hearing before a judge o

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