Chapter 14 - Chapter 14: Key Terms: o Judicial review: The...

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Chapter 14: Key Terms: o Judicial review: The power of the supreme court to declare action of the other branches and level of government unconstitutional. o Constitutional courts: Federal costs created yb congress under the authority of article III of the constitution. o Legislative courts: Highly specialized federal courts created by congress under the authority of article I of the constitution o Original jurisdiction: The authority of the court to be the first to hear a particular kind of case o Grand juries: Groups of citizens who decide whether there is sufficient evidence to bring an indictment against accused persons. o Petit ( trial) juries Juries that hear evidence and sit in judgment on charges brought in civil of criminal cases. o Circuit court: The 12 geographical jurisdictions and one special court that hear appeals from the federal district courts o Appellate courts: Courts that hear cases on appeal from other courts. o Brief: Documents setting out the arguments in legal cases, prepared by attorneys and present to courts o Opinion:
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The explanation of the majority’s reasoning that accompanies a court decision o Precedents: Ruling by courts that guide judicial reasoning in subsequent cases o Stare Decisis: The legal doctrine that say precedent should guide judicial decision making o Senatorial courtesy The tradition that judicial nominations for federal district court appointments be cleared by the senior senator of the president’s party from the relevant state o Standing: Authority to bring legal actions because one is directly affected by the issue at
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This note was uploaded on 02/19/2010 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Chapter 14 - Chapter 14: Key Terms: o Judicial review: The...

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