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storysummaries - The Enuma Elish-babylonian...

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The Enuma Elish -babylonian cosmology -purpose to praise Marduk- the main god of Babylon, and also to honor Babylon as the most preeminent city -discovered in the ruins of King Ashurbanipals library at Ninevah (668 bc) -enacted annually on the fourth day of the New Year’s festival before a statue of Marduk – king knelt before Marduk and submitted himself to humiliation before the god, reestablishing the world -aka The Epic of Creation -Tiamat – the salt waters, Apsu- the fresh waters -began with Apsu and Tiamat, they produced the divine natural forces (gods). As the offspring grew they began to order the chaotic world and became rebellious –Apsu and Tiamat get angry and conspired to slay the young gods, but plan failed as Tiamat withdrew out of motherly concern (Tiamat tells Ea of the plan and Ea being the greatest god of the time puts Apsu into a coma) -Damkina and Ea produced Marduk -Tiamat created monsters and married their chief Kingu in an effort to slay the young gods; Marduk was called to control her. In return, he demanded and received recognition from the gods as the supreme one. -Marduk slew Tiamat and ordered the chaos by fixing the places of the starts, establishing the roles of the gods, separating heaven and earth, and setting up Babylon as his dwelling place. -Kingu was killed by the decision of Marduk and from his blood Ea mad mankind to do the bidding of the gods -ends with praise of Marduk and recitation of Marduk’s fifty names
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BIBLE Genesis 1 -first 5 books of Old Testament: Torah -high repetition: “And God said…And it was so.” -start: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth”—water existed -7 days: god creates light, god creates heaven, dry land and vegatation, god makes night/day and seasons and stars, god makes all creatures, god makes beasts of the earth, god makes man, god rests Genesis 2 -probably by Jehovah – relation of God and man very close –lone authorship -focus is God’s making of man (in the first it was his creation of the universe) -God makes man, puts him in a garden in Eden, in the east -made to grow every tree, including tree of life and tree of the knowledge of good and evil -four rivers flow from Eden to water the garden -god makes all creatures and takes a rib from the man and makes woman, all so man wouldn’t be alone -“then the Lord God” Psalms -public worship in Israel -Pslam 33: the divine word itself made the world -Psalm 104: hymn, God praised for being creator, an explanation for the reason for worship From the Book of Job -author probably a highly knowledgable and widely traveled Jew
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-Job appealed for a hearing with the Lord to question him about his treatment of a worthy servant, God appears and questions Job’s right to judge him, God proclaims himself the ground of being/originator of the universe of which Job is only a dependent part -God taunts Job: “where were you when I…?” -Gods goodness is derivative of his creative power -Job understands the error of his presumption, “melts away” and repents in dust and ashes
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