Lec 5 - Lec 5 - European Nation-State: Civil Society and...

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Lec 5 - European Nation-State: Civil Society and Popular Sovereignty There is something unique about Europe and the degree of its influence and innovation came from Europe. Europeans ideas as a result of global encounters and encountering other primitive society, make reference to indigenous philosophers and suggest that it is impacted by the outside world. Questions 1. How did the French Enlightenment represent new ways of thinking and organizing knowledge in mid-18th century France? How did these new ways of thinking impact social and political institutions in Old Regime France? Louis had a strong and well developed government and accumulated territories, and seems to be invincible. The Glorious Revolution challenged the divine right monarchy. Philosophes , are French enlightenment philosophers of society and government in France who are very influential. The salons are home that are open to invite philosopher to have a safe protected space to criticized government and improve it. Different medias represent the feeling about the divine right monarchy and critiqued the three estates and there were strong underground networks and the emergence of public spheres and opinions. They use parody to avoid the King’s censorship and strong political and social issues. The criticism in Europe became serious in government and call upon resistance. French society was becoming a dynamic place. Rousseau, a quiet intellectual from Geneva with no monarchy and have clearly defined punishment and it is a republic. Rousseau had intellectual ideas, and study Voltaire and Montesquieu. He realizes that Geneva is very strict with the rule and goes to Paris and becomes a writer. In the social contract, he says that men are born free and civil society enslaves humans. He demonstrates that civilization has been humans undoing, too much people with too much conflict. He argues that there is a state of nature, in the earliest of society where humans were living in their natural state. The state of nature is a fraternity of souls based on liberty and equality. This is the
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This note was uploaded on 02/22/2010 for the course MMW 667659 taught by Professor Keller-lapp during the Spring '10 term at UCSD.

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Lec 5 - Lec 5 - European Nation-State: Civil Society and...

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