How Does Moral Development and Understanding Change with Age

How Does Moral Development and Understanding Change with...

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How Does Moral Development and Understanding Change with Age? When studying in any area of the discipline of social science, one must be especially careful to avoid cultural biases, as much as is possible. This is typically done by taking a broad and inclusive view of the many different cultures in the world today. Due to the extreme differences in what different peoples of our world consider moral, it is especially important to be aware of cultural differences when studying moral development; the purpose of morality is to judge which of our actions are good, which bad, and as one researcher has observed, "there is apparently no specific act that has been prohibited in all cultures in all circumstances" (2048, Gabennesch). Unfortunately, due to the truth of this statement, it has been thus far impossible for any researcher to present a descriptive set of stages which the majority of the people in every culture progress through as they age. The most interesting studies, then, have been those that have been primarily cross-cultural in nature, those that have examined specific differences in moral growth, and why those differences exist. When thinking about morality, the terms 'conventional' morality and 'universal' morality are useful to distinguish between. A conventional morality, or simply a convention, is something that a person believes to apply only to their society, and it is present only because that society has found it helpful in some manner. A convention need not apply to other peoples. Something considered to be a universal moral, however, would be something that one would consider fundamental to humanity. A member of any culture believes that what they hold to be universal ought to be obeyed by every person, regardless of any cultural differences. One of the major contributors to the domain of moral development has been Lawrence Kohlberg. Kohlberg developed a
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How Does Moral Development and Understanding Change with...

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