First Hours GOV Test - American Government Test 1 Review...

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American Government Test 1 Review •Federalist Papers - supported the ratification of the US constitution. - #10 - by James Madison - addresses how to guard against “factions” with interests opposite of the rights of others or the interest of the whole community. - a strong and large republic would better guard against those dangers than small republics, such as the individual states. - an authorative interpretation and explication of the meaning of the constitution. - people translate it to mean that the founding fathers didn’t intend for the us government to be partisan. - # 51 - by James Madison - # 78 - by Alexander Hamilton - # 45 - by James Madison - argues strength of the fed. Gov. under the proposed US Constitution doesn’t pose a danger to the individual states, a major concern of the anti-feds. - says that new constitution doesn’t give more power to fed. Gov., it just renders government be more effective in carrying out its existing duties. - “The proposed change does not enlarge these powers; it only substitutes a more effectual mode of administering them.” - to administer those powers, the power to tax is necessary. - argues that national government obeys state government, yet the federalist strictly serves as a method of disguising that truth. - he goes on to say that the national gov. must rely on the states to pass amendments, and the states themselves can propose and pass those amendments at their choosing. - idea that federal gov.’s powers would be restricted to a few is articulated. - he says the federal government’s powers are few and defined. - state government powers are numerous and indefinite. •Articles of Confederation - governed country from 1781-1789 - weak central government
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- limited power of the continental congress - couldn’t raise an army, tax citizens directly or regulate interstate commerce. - no monopoly over coining money. - limited executive and judicial powers. •Connecticut Compromise - established modern bicameral congress. - compromise between Virginia Plan (based on population) & New Jersey Plan (single vote). - House of Representatives: Representation proportional to state population. •Necessary and proper clause (aka elastic clause) - congress has authority to “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying to execution” •Three-fifths clause - with it, South population seems high. - with out it, North seems more powerful. •Political culture - Americans share set of beliefs about the justification & operation of government. - American individualism - compared to people elsewhere, Americans: - emphasize individual responsibility. - are less supportive of government action to reduce economic equality. - are more optimist about their chances of getting ahead.
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First Hours GOV Test - American Government Test 1 Review...

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