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Surname 1Name:Course:Professor:Date:Sociology of Gender and SexualityA group of people living together in a certain place is defined as a society. These people comprise of different ages, sexes, collection, origin, religion and cultures. The study of the human society, its functions and how they interrelate is called Sociology. Sociology analyses the human life and the impact of their social characterization on human affairs. It offers a perspective on gender and sexuality and how they influence our social world. It goes beyond the biological notions of sex and more towards gender. Study of gender goes hand in hand with sexuality because sexuality is not biological but rather shaped by social and cultural factors.The first question you might ask yourself is, what is the difference between sex and gender. In one instance or another, we have all been asked to fill out a form that required information about our name, address, age, phone number and in one section was sex or gender, but you have never seen it written, sex and gender. Well, sociologists consider sex and gender as distinct. Sex refers to physical and physiological differences between male and female including also the primary and secondary characteristics. Primary being the reproductive system and the secondary consisting of height and masculinity. While the social and cultural differences that are associated to being either make or female is what is referred to as gender. The extent to which an individual identifies themselves as being either masculine or feminine is referred to as gender identity (Diamond).
Surname 2This means that the ream sex and gender cannot be used interchangeably, and example being, when a baby boy is born, his sexual organs are male which means he will be referred to as a male. But as he grows, he might later on identify with feminine characteristics. In a society, the term sex which refers to the physical and biological qualities will not vary but gender does vary. An example being, tight jeans and short skirts are associated to the female gender but in the Middle Eastern and Asian communities, robes that are worn by the men are considered masculine. In Europe the men wear the kilt, and this doesnot make them appear of a feminine nature. The view of gender is not universal. It has been accepted to vary depending on the society, like the Samoan have accepted what they refer to as the third gender. This refers to then a someone is born biologically male and later portraits feminine traits. The term they use for such a person is “Fa`afafine”. The anthropologist also regarded the existence of people that lived their lives mimicking the opposite gender and referred to the as berdache. People may mislabel them as homosexuals because they have a varied sexual life that includes both men and women.