WEEK_1_Intro_Ergo

WEEK_1_Intro_Ergo - INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS Lecture 1 Detroit...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS Lecture 1 “Detroit Industry ” 1939, Diego Rivera Detroit Institute of Arts
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 Ergonomics “Ergon” - Greek word for Work “Nomos” – Greek word for Law Polish professor Wojciech Jastrzebowski coined the term ergonomics in 1857 The science (laws) of work………
Background image of page 2
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 Ergonomics “the study of the interaction between people and machines and the factors that affect the interaction” (Bridger, 2003)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 Ergonomics, cont’d Ergonomics (or human factors) is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of the interactions among human and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data, and methods to design in order to optimize human well-being and overall system performance” ( International Ergonomic Association ) Ergonomics produces and integrates knowledge from the human sciences to match jobs, products, and environments to the physical and mental abilities and limitations of people”. In doing so it seeks to safeguard safety, health and well being whilst optimising efficiency and performance” ( International Standards Organization )
Background image of page 4
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 History of Ergo – The early years Ancient humans’ - selecting/creating objects to make tasks easier to accomplish Work environment, the selection and creation of tools, machines, and work processes continues to evolve
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 Chaffin, 2007
Background image of page 6
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 Chaffin, 2007
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010
Background image of page 8
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 Why Industrial Ergo? 1. High (excessive) cost of worker-hardware mismatch Occupational Strains and Sprains $40 billion/yr in US (Workers Compensation) $100 billion/yr in US (Total Direct and Indirect) Overexertion Injuries over 5 million worker/yr (2nd only to flu/colds -> absenteeism) Defect Rates Quality is adversely affected by poor work design A healthy and comfortable worker is simply more effective Hidden Costs: Absenteeism, Turnover, Training, Morale, Accidents, . ..
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ISE – 3624 Industrial Ergonomics M. Agnew, 2010 Why Industrial Ergo? 2. Workers expect it; increasing legal requirements Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Employer required to make reasonable job accomodations for certain individuals Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Requires care to ensure woman and older job applicants have equal opportunities for employment Occupational Safey and Health Administration (OSHA) Levied some of it largest fines for overexertion injuries: enforces
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 30

WEEK_1_Intro_Ergo - INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS Lecture 1 Detroit...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online