3 Behavior_2009

3 Behavior_2009 - Animal Behavior Importance Types of...

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Animal Behavior Importance Types of behavior (classifications) Intelligence Behavioral science
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WHY?
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Because it provides important signals/cues related to: animal well being biological changes management conditions
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Human Animal Environment
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Human Animal Environment
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Human Animal Environment
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Animal behaviors are defined with two basic criteria - behavioral mechanism (how an animal knows or learns to perform a specific behavior); - biological need (what the animal gains from the behavior).
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Behavioral Mechanism How an animal knows to do something? Instinct Habituation Conditioning Trial and error Reasoning Imprinting
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Instinct behaviors that are inherently present at birth usually controlled by biological changes within animal also referred to as reflexes
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Imprinting poorly understood mechanism by which young animals bond to their caretakers - usually their mother there is a suggestion that chemicals and or other signals are involved
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Habituation lack of a response to a repeated stimulus learned behavior
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Conditioning association between a behavioral response and a given stimulus most common type in dealing with animals is “operant conditioning” operant conditioning also is referred to as “reinforcement”
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When we first started training “The Mule” to work cattle we would feed her before and after training sessions.
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+ Over time, Mary associates food with working cattle.
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Mary will now work cattle without being fed.
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Trial and Error trying various responses to a stimulus until a reward is received very similar to conditioning, except animal initiates responses or trials most common way behaviors are learned
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Chickens search for food in different locations.
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place but not the others. -
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2010 for the course ANS 150 taught by Professor Jamoore during the Fall '08 term at N.C. State.

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3 Behavior_2009 - Animal Behavior Importance Types of...

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